Accreditation is a process of recognizing programmes offered by higher education institutions. World over, accreditation implies institutional and programme compliance with legislative requirements for registration; availability of governance and management structures conducive to delivery of quality education (including appropriate delineation between oversight responsibilities and day to day management); and a commitment to the promotion of an environment conducive to pursuit of academic excellence.
To date the Council has not accredited any higher education institutions. Accreditation of all higher education institution is scheduled for 2016. In readiness for the accreditation of institutions NCHE has developed an accreditation and evaluation framework. The accreditation and evaluation framework operationalizes the provisions for accreditation spelt out in the NCHE Act. The Act provided for accreditation of institutions and of programmes. NCHE Act makes reference to achievement of acceptable standards in terms of-
a) Physical, human, financial, teaching and learning resources;
b) Management and operational procedures; and
c) An acceptable standard of academic life focusing on teaching, research, community service and expert service.
Programme accreditation on the other hand would take into account –
a) The academic qualifications of all members of staff employed by a higher education institution during the period of assessment including those expected to be employed by the higher education institution;
b) The total number of students enrolled in each programme of instruction offered at a higher education institution and the standards attained by those that have graduated during the period of assessment;
c) Information and communication technology infrastructure and the provision for training;
d) The size and quality of the library and other teaching and learning resources;
e) The financial resources available for the exclusive use by a higher education institution, certified by its auditors; the physical facilities including land , land available for the exclusive use by a higher education institution;
f) Student-staff ratio of a higher education institution; and
g) The currency, relevance and frequency of review of the curriculum for each programme for comparability nationally and internationally.